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Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

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Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

Read Chapter 9 attached and create a 500 words essay answering the following. (please use at least 2 references and follow APA style)


1. Try taking a different route to class the next time it meets. Before you do this, think about how many changes, large and small, you will have to make to do this.Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

a-Will you have to leave earlier to be in class on time?

b-Will you meet different people on your way to class?

c-See different sights?

d-Would you change your route to class on the day of the final exam?

e-Why or why not? Summarize the positives and negatives of this small change. Relate your responses to this change to the way staff nurses feel when an administrator makes what he or she thinks is a “minor” change.

2. Think about a change that has occurred in your life. Some examples may be a change of role, a move, a marriage, a birth, a divorce, or a death.

a-How did you react to the change?

b-Would you have reacted differently if you had had more information?

c-Using Lewin’s model, describe the basic elements in the situation and how you eventually achieved a comfortable outcome.

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

The aim of this essay is to identify a significant event from the authors clinical practice where there was an issues relating to the management and leadership of the nursing and health care team. Appropriate management and leadership theories will be used to support the issues which would be discussed in this essay. A critical analyses of the event we be carried out. Confidentiality will be maintained. Name

and places used in this essay will be changed to maintain confidentiality in

accordance to the Nursing and Midwifery council (NMC, 2008).

Database search was carried out MEDLINE, CINAHL, BRITISH NURSING INDEX

AND Nursing and Midwifery council were searched for relevant literature. The author

also made …show more content…
According to Heller et al (2004) a manager is a person who is reactive rather than a person who is proactive to situations. A good manager look at every small details of things in other to attain efficiency. Northhouse (2010, pp 45) also acknowledged that a good manager always ask staff to do things faster, smarter and in a more cost effective way. Yuk (2010, pp 27) reckons that good managers stick to rigidly to rules and procedure in other to bring about safety and maintain quality.

Following this events in clinical practice the author now want to look at how this poor practice of catheter management and knowledge by nursing staff can be changed in clinical practice using leadership and management theories. The characteristics of a good leader is that a good leader has to be innovative, experienced in the way to do things , proactive, preventing things from going wrong and always thinking ahead
(Daff & Maci, 2009, pp 20). Huston, 2009, pp.56) states that a good leader is one who can motivate the team and a good role model to the team. According to
Johnston & Nahmad- Williams (2009, pp. 423) a good leader is able to manage their time, so that they can have time for leadership and equal time for management so that there is time for vision and also time to have a proper look at the way the

In every organization, leadership and management play a pivotal role in achieving the set goals and targets. Both the mangers and leaders in an organization strive to fulfill organization’s mission and vision. In this paper, we will critically compare and contrast two different leadership and management theories and their application with special reference to nursing.Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

Role of management and leadership

The basic function of management encompasses planning, staffing, organizing, directing and controlling.(Marquis & Huston, 2009) It is important to note that the role of management and leadership goes hand in hand and cannot be analyzed in isolation. For instance, scarcity of staffing in nursing will naturally lead to a dearth of leadership. With the absence of proper and effective management, new nurses find themselves directionless which subsequently creates a vacuum of leadership.

The decisions in this respect are made to ensure optimum level of care provided to patients. On the other hand, the role of leadership may be associated with those of mentors, coaches, advocates and role models.(Kerfoot, 2001) The amalgam of management and leadership can guarantee the growth and development of different professions in general and nursing in particular. A leader always lays emphasis on interpersonal relationships necessary to create an amicable, competitive and result-oriented environment in a workplace setting.

Management Theories

As a matter of fact, management theories focus mainly on the role of supervision, organization and group performance. Developed and proposed by Douglas McGregor in his book “The Side of Human Enterprise” both Theory X and Theory Y are contrasting management theories that aim to discuss human motivation at work place. As opposed to Theory X according to which human beings inherently shirk work and must be controlled by the management, Theory Y assumes that people treat their work as natural and play therefore management should focus on exploring the unrealized potential and creativity of the workers. The followers of Y Theory contend that if workers are provided with favorable environment, most of them will naturally seek to offer the best they have in them at workplace. In other words, Theory X stresses the need for control of human behavior while Theory Y places a lot of emphasis on the need of self-direction and responsibility on the part of workers. In my opinion, Theory Y coupled with strong leadership will prove more rewarding in terms of nursing. It must also be pointed out that nursing management and leadership was carved out on the principle that all nurses are leaders who use their acumen and decision-making skills to pave the way for a work environment dedicated to providing quality care to its patients. This style of management is more suitable to nurses.Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

Leadership Theories

Though there are many theories of nursing leadership but we will place our focus on only some of them. Transformational leadership is a leadership style that breeds positive changes in those who follow it. Such leaders are usually dynamic, vigorous, enthusiastic and robust. They not only full participate in the process but also lend a helping hand to every member involved in order to reap successful results.(Laurent, 2000)


Transformational leadership merges ideals of leaders and followers. Its focus is to unite both manager and employee to pursue a greater good and encourages others to exercise leadership (Sullivan & Decker, 2001). The chief characteristic of transformational leaders is that they defy the status quo infusing creativity among the follower. They allow for their followers to embrace new ways and learning opportunities.

In order to foster and maintain supportive and friendly relationships with others, transformational leaders never lose sight of rapport among followers and also allow them to exchange and communicate novel ideas. They also never have any qualms in recognizing the contribution of each follower. They have a clear vision and an ability to articulate it for their followers. All in all, they serve as role models for their followers. They inspire motivation on the part of followers and also the tendency to trust and respect the leader.(Perra, 2000)Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

Transactional leadership first defined by sociologist Max Weber assumes that people yield best results when the goal of a leader is clearly chalked out. Workers are motivated by rewards and punishment and they accept and obey the instructions of the leader. This theory suggests that followers should be monitored closely so that they meet the expectations of the leader. This leadership style can be effective in some situations but it is generally considered as a theory that can impede both leaders and followers from achieving their full potential.


The leadership and management style that a nurse chooses should be consistent with her ideals. She can adopt any style that fits her personality best. In my opinion, the Y management and transformational leadership style is most likely to reap greater results. Nurses, be she new or old, must be encourage to participate and interact in the decision-making of the hospital. The nurses must put in all their efforts to nurture abilities by internalizing this kind of management and leadership style. The dearth of leaders in the nursing profession will automatically become a redundant expression. Leadership and Management in Nursing Essay

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