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ADED 611 : Adult Development And Learning

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ADED 611 : Adult Development And Learning

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ADED 611 : Adult Development And Learning

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Course Code: ADED 611
University: Western Kentucky University is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States


Please choose one model/theory we have discussed so far, discussed in the Bee and Bjorklund chapter found on Blackboard, and complete the following:
1. Describe, in detail, the major components of the model.  Write a paragraph for each component.
2. Identify at least three or more ways the model fits your life and at least three or more ways that it is not a good fit for your life.
3. How would you modify this model to fit your life? Identify at least three or more ways you would modify the model (not the research, not yourself) to better fit your life.
Write a three to five page reflection paper on each of the above questions.  Please remember to proofread your papers before handing them in. They are reflections of you and your work ethic.  Be sure to connect your analysis to our readings: use APA Style Manual, 6th Edition when citing the literature.  Please double space, with one-inch margins.  Be sure to include headers in your paper with page numbers.  You do not need to include an abstract, but be sure to include a title page with your name on it.


Baltes, Reese, & Lipsitt (1980)  as well as  Baltes, Staudinger, & Lindenberger (1998) developed a theory called the Baltes Lifespan theory, which perceives development as change related on age, in the capacity to adapt and an individual’s ability to make changes based on positivity in reaction to diversity. The theory gets outlined by three components which are; the efficacy of culture, need for culture as well as evolution selection.    
Firstly, the group of scholars defines evolution selection as the primary benefit of the human genome that is directly proportional to the decrease in age. Evolution selection is reproductive fitness where all the genes virtually laid out by natural selection appear early during the reproductive years.
Secondly, the component of a need for culture described in that it increases as one gets old. In chapter two of the book “The journey of adulthood” scholars describe them as cultural resources which include cognitive skills, socialization strategies, physical structures, motivational dispositions, written documents, economic systems, as well as medical and physical approach (Bee & Bjorklund, 1996).These cultural components involve the key ingredients that get used as aging occurs with the increase in age.
 Thirdly, the efficacy of culture is the component or stage where cultural resources are in continuation of usage, but they need a wise usage.  Efficacy decreases as age increases. An excellent example for this component is an ageing singer who still performs at the age of 60 years. In his performance, he will play fewer concerts as well as limit the time used in performing each show to ensure that he performs best and as per the desired level by the audience.
The scholars offer a lifespan developmental theory that gets based on an architect model called selective optimization with compensation (M.M. Baltes & Carstensen, 1996). The same gets described by B. Baltes (1997) and scholars P.B. Baltes & M.M. Baltes (1990). According to them, the selection includes making choices on specific goals that are suitable for an individual and the institution.
The theory fits my life in a couple of ways. In the early days of my life, an evolutionary benefit was the ability to eat healthy and unhealthy foods as well as maintaining healthy body weight.  The advantage of active metabolism directly decreased with the increase in age. It reached a stage where I made use of cultural resources to combat my weight. Choosing healthy foods and keeping an active lifestyle compensated for the reduced metabolic rate.
As my age increased, I could not maintain the expected discipline always to eat a healthy diet and stay active while having a regular exercise routine. I found it the best time to evaluate my cultural resource options. The assessment included partnering with an individual who had similar challenges. It acted as a support system to keep track. With an increase in age, recovery frameworks took longer, and physical ailments such as arthritis became part of my life.  
Evaluating my cultural resources now requires me to take anti-inflammatory drugs. I even associated the decline in health with an injury that occurred to my body at the age of twenties during weight lifting. Healthy foods consumptions and exercise could not prevent me from the middle age weights. Even with a reduction in the use of foods considered unhealthy choices wasn’t a solution.  
Cognitive skills are the area described to be of no good fit. I believe now the mental abilities have continued to improve with the increase in age even without the need of cultural resources. In my thinking, it is a result of my ambition to learn new things at a time when my age mates are winding up their careers and looking towards their retirement. It also included the inability to control the normal aging process. However, focusing on the efficacy of culture at my age can provide an excellent and quality of life.
 Optimization involves the acquisition, refinement a well as maintenance of sufficient resources. Compensation is the functional response to a loss of some resources necessary in attaining the aimed and selected goals. The acceptance of this theory is and avoiding denial is a key to being successful. For them fit I my life, some modifications need action. Bearing in mind that genetics has a role to play in my lifespan, methods exist to improve it. They add a subsection on under the primary components labeled living as living a healthy lifestyle. Ethical decision making and healthy diets have allowed me to rely less on supplements and prescription medication. Theo other modification to the component is regular exercising. Exercises help in stress reduction, and it produces endorphins which are hormones secreted in the body that trigger a positive feeling. Continuing education is an addendum I have added to each component that would fit into my life. I have sought to have the desire to learn new things throughout my life. Even if not in a school setting, learning new skills keep my mind active.
Baltes, P. B. (1997). On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny: Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory. American psychologist, 52(4), 366. DOI:
Baltes, P. B., Lindenberger, U., & Staudinger, U. M. (1998). Life-span theory in developmental psychology. In Handbook of child psychology (pp. 1029-1143).Wiley. DOI: 10.1207/s15427617rhd0103_1
Bee, H. L., & Bjorklund, B. R. (1996). The journey of adulthood.

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